Diabetes, medically referred to as diabetes mellitus, is a condition when the pancreas of the body does not produce enough insulin or the body is not able to absorb sufficient levels of insulin. Symptoms include frequent urination, constant thirst and hunger, fatigue, blurry vision and slow healing cuts and bruises. In type 1 diabetes there can be sudden weight loss and those while in type 2 diabetes, people may experience numbness, pain and tingling sensation in their hands and feet.
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
A specialist from the endocrinology department will be able to carry out proper diagnosis of the condition. The AC1 test, the FPG or fasting test and the OGTT test or oral glucose tolerance test are usually carried out in order to effectively diagnose the condition and to find out the type of diabetes that the patient may be suffering from.
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
There is no cure for diabetes. Medications and insulin is given to keep the blood sugar levels under normal range. Diet and exercise are very helpful in keeping type 2 diabetes under check. Homeopathy is also effective in keeping diabetes under control.
DID YOU KNOW?
The risk for getting cardiovascular disease is higher in diabetic patients
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. People can develop diabetes at any age. Both women & men can develop diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, develops mostly in young age people, however, type 1 diabetes can also occur in adults. In the type 1 diabetes, your body no longer develops insulin or enough insulin because of the body’s immune system, which protects you from infection by getting rid of virus, bacteria & other harmful substances has attacked & destroyed the cells that make insulin.
Type 1 diabetes treatment includes:
• Taking injections of insulin
• Sometimes taking medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Being physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol levels
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also called as adult-onset diabetes. It can affect people at any age, even children. However, the type 2 diabetes develops mostly in middle aged and older age people. People who are overweight & inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes treatment includes:
• Use diabetes medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol level
Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant lady have hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. If the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin during the pregnancy, a woman develops gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes most often goes after the baby is born. However, a woman who had the gestational diabetes been more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes Mellitus, can lead to serious problems with your blood vessels, nerves, heart, mouth, kidneys, eyes & feet. All these problems can lead to an assumption, which is surgery to remove a damaged part or toe or foot, for example.
One of the most serious problems caused by Diabetes Mellitus is the heart disease. When you have diabetes mellitus, you are more than twice as likely people as people without diabetes mellitus or diabetes to have heart attack.
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes mellitus. Exercise, weight control & sticking to healthy meals can also help you to control your diabetes and you should also monitor your blood sugar level and also take regular medicines if prescribed.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Delhi, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.
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