Coughing Up Blood, also known as haemoptysis, is a sign of a serious underlying health condition. Possible causes of coughing blood are cancer, infections, lung problems or blood vessel problems. The seriousness of the condition depends on the amount of blood being coughed up and the duration of coughing blood. Associated symptoms are chest pain or throat inflammation
HOW IS COUGHING UP BLOOD DIAGNOSED?
Diagnostic tests for coughing up blood determine the rate of bleeding and risk to breathing. General physicians may evaluate the history of the patient, symptoms for identifying the cause. Further diagnostic tests include chest X-rays, CT-Scan, Bronchoscopy and Complete Blood tests. Supportive tests like Urinalysis, blood chemistry profile, arterial blood gas and coagulation tests. Pulse oximetry is another diagnostic tests
HOW IS COUGHING UP BLOOD TREATED?
The treatment is based on the primary cause of the problem. The treatments aim to stop the bleeding, as well as treat the underlying cause of haemoptysis. Treatments for coughing up blood include:
• Bronchial artery embolization
• Antibiotics for pneumonia or tuberculosis
• Chemotherapy and radiation for lung cancer
• Steroids for inflammatory conditions
DID YOU KNOW?
Antibiotics for infections and chemotherapy for cancer may also be prescribed for treatment.