Coughing up blood is also known as hemoptysis. It is characterised by inflammation and blood discharge during heaving cough bouts. The cause may be cancer, lung infection, bronchitis, or problems in the patient’s blood cells. It may also come with symptoms like fever and nausea.
HOW IS COUGHING UP BLOOD DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will examine your chest and lungs, and may also perform the following tests:
1.bronchoscopy (to view inside the lungs)
2.chest CT scan (to provide a cross-sectioned view of the chest)
3.chest X-ray (to show major arteries, the lungs, heart, and diaphragm)
4.complete blood count (to reveal certain diseases or conditions)
5.lung biopsy (to remove and examine a piece of tissue from the lung)
6.lung scan (to identify inflammation of the lungs)
7.pulmonary arteriography (to assess blood flow in the lungs)
8.sputum culture (to find infection-causing bacteria)
HOW IS COUGHING UP BLOOD TREATED?
The treatment is based on the primary cause of the problem. The treatments aim to stop the bleeding, as well as treat the underlying cause of haemoptysis. Treatments for coughing up blood include:
• Bronchial artery embolization
• Antibiotics for pneumonia or tuberculosis
• Chemotherapy and radiation for lung cancer
• Steroids for inflammatory conditions
DID YOU KNOW?
Coughing up blood can be signs of a severe medical condition and the symptoms can be:
• A cough that produces more than a few teaspoons of blood
• Blood in your urine or stools
• Chest pain
• Severe shortness of breath