A cough in children occurs is an indication of the child’s body trying to defend against any irritant or foreign body. It may be caused due to infections, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or whooping cough. Choking also causes a cough in children. Other symptoms associated with a cough are breathing difficulty, wheezing and headaches. A cough in children may either be a cold cough that expels mucus or it may be a dry cough
HOW IS COUGH IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
Paediatricians may look out for symptoms of cold or flu. They may listen to the child’s lungs for detecting whooshing sound. For confirmation of diagnosis, the following tests may be ordered for:
• Chest X-ray
• Lung Function tests
• Blood tests
HOW IS COUGH IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The typical symptoms of a cough are worse in the first 2-3 days and then ease over the next few days as the immune system clears the virus. An irritating cough may linger for up to 2-4 weeks after other symptoms have gone. Coughs and colds often do not need any treatment. Ensuring the child has lots of fluids may help in hydrating and avowing dehydration. The primary treatment aims to ease symptoms. Paracetamol can ease aches and pains, headaches, and fever. Ibuprofen is an alternative.
DID YOU KNOW?
Whooping cough can also cause persistent coughing and vomiting in children.