This condition usually arises in infants when the small intestine does not transport and absorb glucose as well as galactose in a proper way. The enzymes that help in this transport may malfunction due to a mutation in the chromosome 22. The symptoms of this condition include loose motions and dehydration.
HOW IS CONGENITAL GLUCOSE-GALACTOSE MALABSORPTION DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is usually made by a paediatrician upon review of the presenting signs especially the pervasive, watery diarrhea. A simple test, known as the ""glucose breath hydrogen test"" is often used to confirm the physical diagnosis.
HOW IS CONGENITAL GLUCOSE-GALACTOSE MALABSORPTION TREATED?
Treatment of glucose-galactose malabsorption is primarily based on the exclusion of all milk and milk products from the diet since milk products contain lactose and lactose are broken down to glucose and galactose. Fructose, a sugar absorbed differently from either glucose or galactose, may be substituted as a source of carbohydrate calories.
DID YOU KNOW?
Congenital Glucose-galactose Malabsorption is also known as:
• Carbohydrate Intolerance of Glucose Galactose
• Complex Carbohydrate Intolerance
• Monosaccharide Malabsorption