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CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA
A congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a group of inherited conditions that are present at birth where the adrenal gland is larger than usual. In CAH, the body is missing an enzyme that stimulates the adrenal glands to release the cortisol hormone. Lacking this hormone means that the body is less able to cope with stress, either emotionally or physically, which can be life-threatening. It also makes the level of androgen (male hormone) increase, which causes male characteristics to appear early in boys or inappropriately in girls.
HOW IS CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same can be done by the pedritician who would also conduct some other physical tests. Blood and urine tests are done too. These days, this issue is diagnosed earlier with prenatal testing like Amniocentesis or Chorionic villus sampling.
HOW IS CONGENITAL ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA TREATED?
This condition is usually treated with the help of steroid medication which can replace the hormones that are low in the body. Cortisol medication is prescribed for infants and young children, while Prednisone, dexamethasone and hydrocortisone may be used for adults.
DID YOU KNOW?
Although Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia can be life-threatening, most people with this disorder lead normal lives