Cirrhosis is a progressive liver disease which tends to replace the healthy liver tissues with scarred tissues thereby slowly affecting the normal functioning of the liver. The scar tissue typically blocks blood flow through the liver and this leads to delayed processing of nutrients, hormones, drugs as well as natural production of toxins by the liver. The proteins and other substances made by the liver get also affected. Symptoms vary based on the stage of the disease. Loss of appetite, fatigue, sudden and unexplained weight loss, yellow and itchy skin, fluid retention leading to swollen ankles along with blood in the stool and fever are common symptoms.
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS DIAGNOSED?
The gastroenterologist or the general physician will conduct a physical examination before carrying out a liver function test and other blood tests for efficient diagnosis. Ultrasounds and MRI scans may also be conducted along with a complete blood count.
HOW IS CIRRHOSIS TREATED?
There is no cure to this condition but certain medications can help in slowing the progress of the disease. Liver transplant may be needed in some severe cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Kidney failure is a common complication of cirrhosis.