The Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML) is another type of cancer that affects the blood and bone barrow. In this condition, the bone marrow produces several white blood cells known as the granulocytes. Also known as the leukaemia blasts, these cells interfere with the normal cell production in the bone marrow. This condition basically starts with the genes in the cells of your blood. Certain sections of two different chromosomes switch their places and create a completely abnormal cell. The condition is divided into three stages – the chronic stage, the accelerated stage and the blastic stage. Based on which stage you are experiencing, your symptoms may vary. In the chronic stage, you may not experience any symptoms. The accelerated stage is relatively mild but there could be severe symptoms in the blastic stage when the cells multiply and crowd the bone marrow.
HOW IS CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The Oncologist will conduct a thorough diagnosis with the help of methods like a bone marrow test, complete blood count or CBC, an ultrasound, CT scan, and a Polymerase Chain Test that can confirm whether or not the body is producing the wrong type of white blood cells.
HOW IS CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA TREATED?
The goal of the treatment is to destroy the leukaemia blood cells in the body and restore healthy ones to a normal level. It's usually not possible to get rid of all the bad cells. The treatment for CML may include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, stem cell transplant and/or immunotherapy along with medication for management.
DID YOU KNOW?
CML is a condition that usually makes its appearance in middle age or later. The condition presents some very common symptoms that can be easily mistaken for other chronic ailments.