Cholangiocarcinoma or bile duct cancer is composed of mutated epithelial, that originate in the bile ducts, which drain bile from the liver into the small intestine. Prominent symptoms include abnormal liver function tests, abdominal pain, jaundice, and weight. Other symptoms such as generalized itching, fever, and changes in the color of stool or urine may also occur.
HOW IS CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis will be carried out by the Oncologist who will conduct imaging tests like MRI and CT scans as well as a thorough study of the liver and small intestine with the help of other tests like liver functioning tests and blood tests. Also, ultrasounds and X rays may be used for diagnosis.
HOW IS CHOLANGIOCARCINOMA TREATED?
An oncologist treats cholangiocarcinoma. It is considered incurable and rapidly lethal disease unless all the tumours can be fully resected. The majority of patients undergo exploratory surgery unless there is already a clear indication that the tumour is inoperable. Adjuvant therapy, followed by liver transplantation, may have a role in the treatment of certain unresectable cases. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are also used to treat cholangiocarcinoma.
DID YOU KNOW?
People who have chronic ulcerative colitis are more prone to develop bile duct cancer.