Cherubism is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by a prominent lower portion of the face. The appearance of people with the disorder is caused by loss of the mandible, which is replaced by excess amounts of tissues. Symptoms of cherubism are swollen appearance of cheeks, abnormal tooth development, problems in vision, speech and swallowing in severe cases. The onset of the disease is during childhood
HOW IS CHERUBISM DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will diagnose Cherubism on the presence of clinical findings along with radiographic and histologic manifestations. Molecular genetic testing may be required for further diagnosis.
HOW IS CHERUBISM TREATED?
Cherubism changes and improves over time the treatment is based on individual basis. The moderate cases are observed until they subside or progress into the more severe range. Severe cases may require surgery to remove bulk cysts and fibrous growth. Surgical bone grafting of the cranial facial bones may be successful on some patients. Orthodontic treatment is generally required to avoid permanent dental problems. In certain cases with problems with the eye may require ophthalmologic treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cherubism was first documented and named by Dr. W.A. Jones in the year 1933, describing a case of three siblings belonging to the same family.