Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease is an inherited disorder that causes damage to the nerves. There is damage to the peripheral nerves of the arms and legs and the condition causes smaller and weaker muscles. The common symptoms include weakness in the legs and arms, high foot arches, curled toes, inability to run, pain in the ankle and frequent falls.
HOW IS CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Neurologists begin diagnosis of CMT through standard medical history, family history and neurological examination. Your neurologist may evaluate your symptoms and check for muscle weakness in feet, arms, sensory loss and reduced tendon reflexes.
HOW IS CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE TREATED?
There is no known cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease but the disease progresses slowly. Medications help in reducing the associated pain. Physiotherapycan be quite effective too. Some people with this condition may need the support of orthopaedic devices. In case of sever foot deformities, surgery may become essential.
DID YOU KNOW?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders, affecting approximately 1 in 2,500 people in the United States. The disease is named after three physicians who first identified it in 1886 - Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Marie in Paris, France, and Howard Henry Tooth in Cambridge, England (CMT).