Celiac disease, also known as celiac sprue or gluten sensitive enteropathy, is a genetic, autoimmune digestive disorder that results in damage to the small intestine lining when gluten-based food is consumed. Gluten is a type of protein found in some grains. Common symptoms are:
• Digestive problems like bloating, pain, gas, diarrhea
• Severe skin rash
• Iron deficiency
• Musculoskeletal problems
• Tingling sensation in the legs
• Irregular menstrual cycle
• Seizures and growth problems in children
HOW IS CELIAC DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
A health care provider diagnoses celiac disease with:
• a medical and family history
• a physical exam
• blood tests
• an intestinal biopsy
• a skin biopsy
HOW IS CELIAC DISEASE TREATED?
Currently, the only treatment for celiac disease is lifelong adherence to a strict gluten-free diet. People living gluten-free must avoid food with wheat, rye and barley, such as bread and beer. Ingesting small amounts of gluten, like crumbs from a cutting board or toaster, can trigger small intestine damage.
DID YOU KNOW?
People with Celiac disease need to carefully evaluate packaged foods before consumption