Cardiovascular Emergencies are life threatening disorders that require immediate recognition and medical treatment in order to avoid mortality. Some of the cardiovascular emergencies are cardiopulmonary arrest, hypertensive emergency, cardiogenic shock, congestive heart failure and acute pulmonary edema. Symptoms of cardiovascular emergencies are palpitations, difficulty in breathing, acute chest pain, nausea, dizziness, sweating and coughing.
HOW IS CARDIOVASCULAR EMERGENCIES DIAGNOSED?
The symptoms to look for emergencies are sudden onset of severe backache (upper part), cold sweats, nausea or vomiting, anxiety, indigestion and unexplained fatigue may also be present. One has to remember that chest pain and discomfort are the most common heart attack symptoms in both men and women.
HOW IS CARDIOVASCULAR EMERGENCIES TREATED?
The cardiovascular emergencies would require immediate medical attention such as:
• Activating EMS or the designated code team immediately.
• Perform basic life support (CPR).
• Evaluate heart rhythm and perform early defibrillation if indicated.
• Deliver advanced cardiac life support, such as intubation, establishment of intravenous (IV) access, and transfer to a medical center or intensive care unit.
DID YOU KNOW?
Managing life threats to the patient’s airway, breathing and circulation by ensuring delivery of high-flow oxygen is the most effective cardiovascular emergency treatment.