Burns are among the most common household injuries. Burns are characterized by severe skin damage that causes the affected skin to die. Mild burns do not require extensive medical attention, while severe burns require immediate emergency medical care. The various types of burns are first-, second- and third-degree burns. Symptoms of burns vary with the type of burn: first degree burns are indicated by redness, minor swelling or inflammation and pain. Second degree burns are indicated by blistering, redness and soreness. Third degree burns are indicated by waxy, white to dark brown color, raised, leathery structure, and cause severe scarring.
HOW IS BURNS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is based on various factors which are:
• the level of pain in the affected area
• the amount of damage to the area
• the depth of the burn
• signs of possible infection
• the amount of swelling present
Other tests include X-ray, blood tests and various diagnostic tests.
HOW IS BURNS TREATED?
The treatment depends on the severity of the condition and there are various procedures for it:
• anti-itch medications
• skin grafting
• intravenous (IV) fluids
• skin replacement
• pain management
• cosmetic surgery
• occupational therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Tetanus is a common complication that may occur for burns of all degrees.