A bone fracture refers to the breakage of a bone due to various causes like falls, injuries, accidents or even conditions like osteoporosis which can make the bones brittle and susceptible to such problems. The various kinds of fractures include simple, compound, stress and hairline fractures. These fractures may cause swelling, pain, inability to move the affected limb, and even bleeding in case it is an open fracture.
HOW IS BONE FRACTURE DIAGNOSED?
An orthopedic will carry out a physical examination, identify signs and symptoms. The problem may be diagnosed through X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan depending on the situation.
HOW IS BONE FRACTURE TREATED?
A fracture often requires emergency treatment at a hospital. Treatment of bone fractures is broadly classified as surgical or conservative, the latter basically referring to any non-surgical procedure, such as pain management, immobilization or other non-surgical stabilization. Serious fractures may require open reduction -- repositioning using surgery. In some cases, devices such as pins, plates, screws, rods, or glue are used to hold the fracture in place.
DID YOU KNOW?
Metal plates and screws may also be used to fix a fracture.
A fracture may be defined as a medical term for a bone that is broken. Bone fractures are quite common and research shows that on an average, every person suffers from at least 2 fractures during their lifetime. The risk of a fracture is related to age, that is in general, children have a greater tendency to suffer from a fracture. But fractures in children are generally less complicated, as compared to adults. With adults, the bones become more brittle with age, thus if they tend to fall and fracture a bone, healing may be a bit complicated.
One may suffer from a fracture due to a number of reasons like- accidents, falls, osteoporosis and even sports injuries.
The various symptoms of fracture are as follows-
• Extreme pain
• One may experience a kind of deformity
• Inflammation and bruising
• A sense of numbness
• Problems with movement of the affected area
Fractures have been characterised into many different kinds, but the primary types of fracture are-
1. Complete fractures- In case of complete fractures, the affected bone breaks completely, that is, it breaks into two parts, sometime even more
2. Incomplete fractures- In case of incomplete fractures, the affected bones tends to crack, although there is no complete breakage
3. Compound fractures- Also known as an open fracture, the affected bone in this case snaps through the skin
4. Simple fractures- Also known as a closed fracture, the affected bones breaks, but does not snap through the skin
Some common types of simple fractures are-
Greenstick fracture- Known to be very common among children, this fracture is an incomplete one, with a bent bone
Transverse fracture- This fracture occurs at a right angle to the axis of the bone
Oblique fracture- This fracture occurs at an angle to the axis of the bone
Comminuted fracture- In this case the bone breaks into several fragments
Impacted fracture- Also called as a buckle fracture, it generally occurs in children and is identified when the two ends of the broken bone drive into each other.
Various other types of fractures include- pathological fractures and stress fractures. Pathological fractures generally occur because of a disease which tends to weaken the bones. For instance osteoporosis can lead to such fractures. Osteoporosis is a kind of disorder which makes the bones thin causing them to slowly lose their strength. Bone cancer too, can cause Pathological fractures.
It is generally the location of the fracture that determines its severity. Thus, one should be careful to seek the relevant treatment for complete healing and recovery. Leg fracture and hand fracture are very common among all. One may also suffer from clavicle fracture, patella fracture and humerus fracture if not careful.
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