Hematuria or blood in the urine is a condition where the kidneys allow leakage of blood due to urinary tract infections, kidney infections, bladder stones, kidney stones, kidney disease and enlarged prostate. It can also be caused by cancer, injury to the kidneys and as a side effect of certain kinds of medication. This condition can also be inherited genetically.
HOW IS BLOOD IN URINE DIAGNOSED?
A nephrologist diagnoses blood in urine by the following tests:
1. History and physical examination
2. Urine test
3. CT scan
HOW IS BLOOD IN URINE TREATED?
Usually, no treatment is required unless a serious condition is causing the bleeding. The treatment depends on the underlying cause of the problem. Follow up urine tests, blood pressure monitoring every three to six months, especially if there is risk for bladder cancer, (such as being age 50 or older, smoking cigarettes, or exposure to certain industrial chemicals), can be done.
DID YOU KNOW?
Some common causes of blood in urine are:
• Strenuous (difficult) exercise
• Sexual activity
• Having a virus
• Having an infection, such as a urinary tract infection (UTI)