A medical condition, often inherited, that occurs at/ or before birth. The most common birth defects are: 1. Congenital Heart disease 2. Clubfoot 3. Cleft lip or palate 4.Spina Bifida 5. Missing or undeveloped Limbs 6. Sickle cell disease 7. PKU 8.Down syndrome 9.Fragile X syndrome
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
A gynaecologist diagnoses birth defects during pregnancy by an ultrasound scan. A paediatrician diagnosed after birth through physical examination. Specific tests are used after birth to diagnose each kind of birth defect
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
If the defects are detected before birth i. e . In the womb itself some of them can be treated by suggesting particular medications to the mother where some can be cured by conducting surgeries in the womb itself. Some defects that cannot be diagnosed before birth need to be treated through medicines or surgically after birth
DID YOU KNOW?
If there is a family history of birth defects, then Genetic counseling must be sought for determining the baby’s risk.