Bicuspid Aortic Valve is an aortic valve that has two leaflets in place of three. The aortic valve is the major blood vessel that supplies blood to the heart. The bicuspid valve is present at birth and is the most common form of congenital heart disease. This condition is often undiagnosed as it does not show any symptoms. Symptoms of related complications are: • Quick and easy exhaustion in babies and children • Difficulty in breathing • Chest pain • Heart palpitations • Fainting • Pale skin Heart murmur, enlarged heart and weak pulse are other signs of bicuspid aortic valve.
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnostics may be performed through MRI or Ultrasound of the heart. In case the cardiologist suspects abnormalities in these tests, he may order for chest X-rays, electrocardiogram and angiography to be performed.
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE TREATED?
In severe cases with children, a surgery is done to repair the leaky or narrowed valve. Medicine may be needed to relieve symptoms or prevent complications. Medications may include ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers, Drugs that make the heart muscle pump harder (inotropic agents) and diuretics.
DID YOU KNOW?
While modern medication and therapy can help in treating this condition, there are many life sciences like Ayurveda and Homeopathy that can also be used in order to treat this condition in the long run.