Normally Aortic valves have three cusps that regulate blood from the heart’s left ventricle to the Aorta. People affected with BAV have only two cusps instead of a normal three. An abnormal aortic valve develops during the early weeks of pregnancy, when the baby's heart develops. The cause of this problem is unclear, but it is the most common congenital heart disease.
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DIAGNOSED?
The various tests required to determine Bicuspid Aortic Valve are: • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart • Ultrasound of the heart (echocardiogram) • Chest x-rays • Electrocardiogram • X-ray • Angiography
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE TREATED?
In severe cases with children, a surgery is done to repair the leaky or narrowed valve. Medicine may be needed to relieve symptoms or prevent complications. Medications may include ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers, Drugs that make the heart muscle pump harder (inotropic agents) and diuretics.
DID YOU KNOW?
While modern medication and therapy can help in treating this condition, there are many life sciences like Ayurveda and Homeopathy that can also be used in order to treat this condition in the long run.