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BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE
Bicuspid Aortic Valve is recognised as a common congenital anomaly of the heart. The aortic valve allows blood to flow from the heart to the aorta. An abnormal aortic valve develops during the early weeks of pregnancy, which is the stage of the baby's heart development. Normal aortic valve has 3 leaflets of equal size or cusps with 3 lines of coaptation, while a congenitally bicuspid aortic valve has only 2 functional leaflets. Symptoms may include: • Child tires easily • Pale skin • Chest pain • Difficulty in breathing • Rapid and irregular heartbeat • Loss of consciousness • Enlarged heart • Heart murmur
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition will usually be carried out by the cardiologist and will be based on a study of the heart murmur. An echocardiography can be used as well an MRI Scan. Also, a 4D MRI can be used to diagnose the condition in a more detailed manner.
HOW IS BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE TREATED?
In severe cases with children, a surgery is done to repair the leaky or narrowed valve. Medicine may be needed to relieve symptoms or prevent complications. Medications may include ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin receptor blockers, Drugs that make the heart muscle pump harder (inotropic agents) and diuretics.