Back pain can be related to a number of causes including inflammation of the spine as well as problems in the lumbar area and discs of the vertebrae. Often, other ailments like chest and abdomen related conditions can also cause back pain. Persistent pain that often travels down to the knees, fever, numbness around the genital and anus area, and swelling in the back are some symptoms of the condition.
HOW IS BACK PAIN DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose it, a doctor examines medical history and do a physical exam. The following tests may be conducted: X-rays 2) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 3) Computed tomography (CT) scan 4) Blood tests
HOW IS BACK PAIN TREATED?
Treatment depends on what kind of pain a person has. Acute back doesn't require any treatment, however medication may be taken after consultation with doctor to help ease the pain. The chronic pain may be treated with hot or cold packs, exercise, behavior changes, etc.
DID YOU KNOW?
Homeopathy and Ayurveda can provide long term relief.
Back pain affects a major section of adults every year. It usually originates from the muscles, bones, joints, nerves or other structures in the spinal cord. Based upon the site of occurrence, back pain may be divided into the following categories:
1. Cervical pain: Also known as neck pain, it is caused when extreme pressure is exerted on the nerves originating from the cervical vertebrae in the upper part of the spinal cord. Severe cervical pain can be a result of:
A. Spinal disc herniation
B. Referred pain from acute coronary syndrome
C. Carotid artery dissection
D. Head and neck cancer
G. Spinal stenosis
Less severe cervical pain is caused by:
A. Pinched nerve
B. Prolonged odd postures.
C. Physical and emotional stress.
D. Herniated disc
E. Minor injuries and falls.
F. Referred pain from upper back problems
G. Muscular strain
2. Thoracic pain: It occurs due to irritation of the muscles in the middle back region or from the spinal joints, intervertebral discs, ligaments etc. Thoracic pain may be a result of:
A. Poor posture.
B. Repetative motion causing injuries.
C. Sports injury.
D. Lack of strength.
E. Spinal tumours.
F. Spinal disc herniation.
G. Rib fracture.
H. A compression fracture of the vertebrae.
3. Lumbar or lower back pain: Lower or lumbar back pain involves the bones, muscles and nerves of the back. Lumbar pain is caused by factors like:
A. Disc degeneration.
C. Osteoporosis or broken vertebrae.
D. Spinal disc herniation.
E. Tumour or an infection of the spine.
Preganant women can experience lower back pain if they develop conditions like:
A. Uterine fibroids.
B. Ovarian cancer
C. Ovarian cysts
E. Muscle or ligament strain because of postural changes.
When the sciatic nerve which originates in the lumber area of the spine undergoes compression, exposure or irritation, sciatic pain develops. Usually indicative of more serious conditions like degenerative disc disease, spondylolisthesis, lumbar herniated disc or spinal stenosis, sciatic pain has the following features:
A. Persistent pain in one side of the buttock or leg (rarely in both legs) which worsens while sitting or changing positions from sitting to standing or vice versa.
B. Burning, tingling or searing pain in the leg.
C. Difficulty in standing up and moving the leg, weakness or numbness in the foot and/or toes.
Slipped herniated disc can contribute to cervical, thoracic as well as lumbar pains. It refers to a condition in which a vertebral disc in any part of the spinal cord changes position suddenly or is dislocated. Usually treated with a surgery, slipped disc may lead to:
A. pain and numbness on one side of the body extending to the limbs.
B. pain when walking short distances and unexplained muscle weakness.
C. aching, burning or tingling sensation in the affected area.
Back pain is usually treated with medication, surgery and physiotherapy. Temporary processes to provide relief include hot compress, acupressure or back massage. In addition, simple stretching exercises and yoga for back pain like bharadvajasana, ushtrasana, setu bandha sarvangasana and dhanurasana effective.
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