It is a birth defect which causes a hole in-between the walls of the heart and the blood flows between the atria. The symptoms of Atrial Septal defect are: decreased exercise tolerance, easy fatigability, palpitations and syncope. Complications if untreated are: pulmonary hypertension, right sided heart failure, atrial fibrillation and stroke
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT DIAGNOSED?
Cardiologists diagnose atrial septal defect through physical examination, echocardiography, transcranial Doppler bubble study and electrocardiogram.
HOW IS ATRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT TREATED?
Anticoagulants and beta blockers can be prescribed by the cardiologist for this condition. Also, medical monitoring is required so as to keep a close check so that the situation does not turn into a stroke. Open heart surgery and other procedures can also be used in such cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
This condition can shorten the lifespan of the patient.