Ankylosing Spondylitis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that affects the axial skeleton. This disease results in variable involvement of peripheral joints and nonarticular structures. Ankylosing Spondylitis mainly affects the spine and the sacroiliac joint in the pelvis. Symptoms are pain and stiffness in the lower back and buttocks, bony fusion that affects the neck, back and hip bones and pain in the ligaments and tendons. Other symptoms include fever, eye inflammation, fatigue and lung and heart problems in case of severe Ankylosing Spondylitis.
HOW IS ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done based on the symptoms. Orthopedicians may confirm diagnosis via physical examination, X-rays of the back and pelvis, chest measurements while breathing and lab test results.
HOW IS ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS TREATED?
There is no treatment for AS however some treatments and medications may reduce the symptoms and pain. Dietary modifications are beneficial for AS patients that are low in starches found in flour products and potatoes. In some cases surgery is conducted: • Vertebral osteotomy • Fracture stabilization • Joint replacement