Angiopathy is basically a term that denotes any disease or condition that afflicts the arteries, capillaries and veins, as well as the blood vessels in general. Angiopathic diabetes and cerebral angiopathy are a well known forms of angiopathy. The two types of angiopathy (microangiopathy and macroangiopathy) have different symptoms and conditions. While the former leads to a protein leak and bleeding due to the thinning of the walls of small blood vessels, the latter leads to a blockage of the blood flow due to the build up of blood clots and fats.
HOW IS ANGIOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Susceptibility weighted imaging or BOLD venographic imaging and biopsies are the two most common methods used to diagnose cerebral angiopathy. Additionally, a CT Scan or MRI of the brain is mandatory. Meanwhile, diabetic angiopathy can be diagnosed by a regular health check-up.
HOW IS ANGIOPATHY TREATED?
There is no known effective treatment for cerebral angiopathy. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms. In some cases, rehabilitation is needed for weakness or clumsiness. This can include physical, occupational, or speech therapy. Meanwhile, treatment for diabetic angiopathy includes control of blood sugar, avoiding high blood pressure or hypertension, improving levels of cholesterol, watching the levels of protein in the urine, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy diet.
DID YOU KNOW?
The complications in this condition include dementia and bleeding.