Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is an inherited disorder that affects the formation of tooth enamel. The gene mutations are passed down in families. However, new gene alterations can occur even without family history. When the tooth enamel does not cover the soft layer it can cause rapid decay and affect the nerves and blood vessels in the tooth for a risk of infection. The tooth can attract plaque and tartar deposits which may cause gum diseases.
HOW IS AMELOGENESIS IMPERFECTA DIAGNOSED?
It can be diagnosed by a dentist by physical examination of the tooth for abnormal color of the teeth - yellow, brown or grey.
HOW IS AMELOGENESIS IMPERFECTA TREATED?
Preventive and restorative dental care is the line of treatment for AI. Dentists use full-coverage crowns for compensating for the abraded enamel in some cases. For children, stainless steel crowns are first used and these are replaced by porcelain as they become adults. In severe cases of AI, tooth extraction and subsequent use of implants or dentures may be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
Loss of nerves in the affected teeth may occur in case of Amelogenesis imperfecta.