Alport syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the glomeruli, which are the tiny blood vessels present in the kidney for filtering waste. It is caused by an inherited defect in the type IV collagen, which is essential for the normal functioning of the ears, eyes and kidneys. Earliest symptoms of the disease are blood in the urine. Hearing loss and abnormalities in the eyes are also symptoms of the disease. Other symptoms are protein in the urine, high blood pressure, swelling of ankles, feet and around the eyes.
HOW IS ALPORT SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Nephrologists diagnose Alport syndrome through careful evaluation of signs, symptoms and family history. Hearing and vision are also tested. Blood tests, urine tests and biopsy of the kidney are diagnosis methods for Alport Syndrome.
HOW IS ALPORT SYNDROME TREATED?
There is no definite treatment of Alport syndrome. However, research studies have suggested few methods to cure which are: • Pharmacology • Surgery • Kidney transplant • Medications • Gene therapy • Ace inhibitors • Hearing aids
DID YOU KNOW?
This genetic disorder can be found in close to 150,000 children.