It is a genetic disorder characterized by end stage kidney disease and hearing loss. Alport syndrome can also affect the eyes, though the changes do not affect sight, except when changes to the lens occur in life. Blood in urine is universal. It is caused by an inherited defect in type IV collagen that is needed for the normal functioning of ears, eyes and kidneys. The symptoms include: 1. Eye changes 2. Blood in urine 3. Hearing loss 4. Leiomyomatosis - of the esophagus and tracheobronchial tree
HOW IS ALPORT SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A specialist of the Nephrology department can diagnose this syndrome with the help of various tests and examinations. A kidney biopsy is usually carried out by studying sample tissue from the area under a microscope. Also, blood and urine tests can be carried out to diagnose the condition.
HOW IS ALPORT SYNDROME TREATED?
Alport syndrome is also called as inhibited nephritis
DID YOU KNOW?
Alport Syndrome affects around 1 in 50,000 children.