Alcoholic liver disease may occur after prolonged drinking for years that includes cirrhosis and scarring of organ. Symptoms include fatigue, poor appetite, nausea, pain in abdomen, change in skin color, redness on hands, impotence in men, abnormal bleeding in women, and pale colored stool.
HOW IS ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Alcoholic liver disease in Gastroenterology includes • Full abdominal check up following USG • CBC • Liver function tests and biopsy • Coagulation study
HOW IS ALCOHOLIC LIVER DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment includes medications such as vitamin K, water pills, antibiotics, endoscopic treatments, fluid removal from abdomen, TIPS, etc. Liver transplant at extreme cases of cirrhosis can be done.
DID YOU KNOW?
As per the American Liver Foundation, the percentage of heavy drinkers developing alcoholic liver disease ranges from 10 to 20
Liver is the largest internal organ and is located on the right side of your belly. The liver performs important function in your body which includes manufacturing triglycerides and proteins, production of bile, blood clotting factors and protein production. Liver disease can be life threatening and sometimes impossible to be recovered which will require liver transplant from another body. The liver detoxifies the harmful substances in your body and also acts as a storage unit. Carbohydrates are formed in your liver and the liver is responsible for turning glucose into glycogen. The liver secretes bile and helps in digestion of food.
The symptoms that you have liver disease in your body include the following:
1. Loss in appetite and weight
2. Abdominal swelling and pain
3. Jaundice is a common symptom of liver disease and makes your skin yellow in color
Alcohol liver disease:
Alcohol does a lot of damage to your liver and can be life threatening. Liver cirrhosis is the final stage of liver disease and hence occurs after years of heavy drinking. Alcohol affect women more than men as the female body require more time to metabolize alcohol.
The worst case or the final stages of alcohol liver disease includes the following:
1. The palm of your hands will turn red.
2. Abnormal bleeding and easy bruises on body.
3. Problems while thinking and frequent confusions.
Fatty liver refers to the condition when your body produces too much fat content and the liver is unable to metabolize enough fat. Thus the excess fat eventually gets stored in your liver and hence your body develops fatty liver. Alcohol is the cause of fatty liver and forms the first stage of alcohol liver disease. Sometimes the accumulation of fat in your liver can be caused due to non alcohol consumption also. This phenomenon is called Non alcoholic Fatty Liver and is said to comprise around 10 per cent of your liver content. However in the case of Alcoholic Fatty Liver, staying away from alcohol for around a year may cause the fat to disappear otherwise you will develop another stage of liver disease, known as liver cirrhosis.
Liver cirrhosis is another stage of liver disease and you should immediately stop the consumption of alcohol if diagnosed with liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is diagnosed by the many tests which include Blood tests, CT scan, Biopsy, specialized radioisotope liver or spleen scan and surgery. If you have developed liver cirrhosis due to hepatitis or heavy exposure to toxic chemical substances then your doctor will prescribe antiviral drugs or steroids.
The precautionary measure to avoid liver disease and to help your liver function in a proper way:
1. You should moderately drink alcohol and within the permissible limit to avoid liver disease.
2. You should strive to enable proper use of all medicines prescribed by your doctor.
3. Maintain a healthy weight and diet to avoid fatty liver and other liver diseases caused due to excess consumption of fat.
4. You should avoid contact of blood from other people.
Liver in your body is the largest and second most important organ in your body. You should take proper care as too much damage may need liver transplant which is a painful surgical procedure. Lybrate gives you the best opportunity to contact the best hepatologists who will give you the best consultation in the industry. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners related to liver problems and liver failure in Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Mumbai, Chennai. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about cirrhosis and fatty liver.
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