Acute Myeloid Leukemia, referred to as AML, is a type of blood cancer that develops from cells that would turn into white blood cells (other than lymphocytes). AML originates from the bone marrow. Patients having AML end up with improper formation of bone marrow and a build up of immature bone cells. If not treated, AML spreads to other parts like liver, spleen, brain, spinal cord and testicles, resulting in death. AML results in a drop in red blood cells, causing paleness, fatigue and shortness of breath. It also results in lack of platelets, leading to excessive bleeding or bruising even for minor trauma.
HOW IS ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The various tests to determine AML include: • Physical exam and history • Complete blood count (CBC) • Peripheral blood smear • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy • Cytogenetic analysis • Immunophenotyping • Reverse transcription – polymerase chain reaction test (RT–PCR)
HOW IS ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA TREATED?
There are some basic ways of treatment which include • Chemotherapy • Radiation therapy • Stem cell transplant • Other drug therapy • Target therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Smoking and exposure to radiation are the main risk factors for AML.