Acute lymphoblastic Leukemia, commonly known as ALL, is a type of cancer that starts from the early version of white blood cells (lymphocytes) present in the bone marrow. The cancer spreads quickly through the blood to other parts of the body, including spleen, liver, central nervous system and testicles, and could prove fatal if left untreated. Common symptoms are bone and joint pain easy bruising and bleeding, loss of appetite and weight, paleness, excessive fatigue, fever, red spots on skin and heaviness or pain below the ribs.
HOW IS ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The various test required for the diagnosis are: • Physical exam and history • Complete blood count (CBC) with differential • Blood chemistry studies • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy • Lumbar puncture • Chest X-ray • Testicular biopsy
HOW IS ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA TREATED?
The various treatments done are: • Chemotherapy • Radiation therapy • Chemotherapy with stem cell transplant • Targeted therapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is more common in children than adults.