Retinal Problems are a group of eye conditions that affect the vital Retina and can lead to loss of vision . The most common retinal problems include
Macular degeneration - a disease that destroys your sharp, central vision
Diabetic eye disease
Retinal detachment - a medical emergency, when the retina is pulled away from the back of the eye
Retinoblastoma - cancer of the retina which is most common in young children.
Macular pucker - scar tissue on the macula
Macular hole - a small break in the macula that usually happens to people over 60
Floaters - cobwebs or specks in your field of vision
Retinal diseases can be associated with aging, diabetes or other diseases, trauma to the eye, or family history. Symptoms might include seeing floating specks or cobwebs, blurred vision, distorted vision, defects in the field of vision, lost vision, or other problems.
HOW IS RETINAL PROBLEMS DIAGNOSED?
A thorough examination of the eye by ophthalmologist can help diagnose the various vision problems. Eye drops would be used to dilate the eye to examine the retina more closely.
HOW IS RETINAL PROBLEMS TREATED?
Depending on the cause of the retinal problem eye drops to wash out the eye or antibiotics for infections would be prescribed. In severe cases surgery would be needed such as to repair tears in the retina or retinal detachment.
DID YOU KNOW?
Genetically dominant eye diseases are gain-of-function mutations and cannot be corrected by adding a corrective gene. The defective gene first must be inactivated. Progress has been made in this arena by using a mutation-specific, ribozyme-based therapeutic strategy with longstanding rescue in two different lines of transgenic rats, each with its own rhodopsin mutation. Two classes, hammerhead and hairpin ribozymes, were found to be effective.