Respiratory Disorders is the term used to include disorders, diseases and conditions that affect the organs and tissues that help with breathing or respiration such as the trachea, bronchi and other nerves and muscles. These disorders could be mild infections such as common cold or more serious conditions such as lung cancer or pneumonia. Patients with respiratory disorders would have shallow or difficulty breathing.
HOW IS RESPIRATORY DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done based on the above symptoms and the doctor would do a scan or X-ray of the respiratory tract. Further, nasal endoscopy and bronchoscopy is done to.
HOW IS RESPIRATORY DISORDERS TREATED?
The treatment is based on the underlying cause of the condition. Treatment of respiratory system cancer depends on the type of cancer. Surgical removal of part of a lung (lobectomy, segmentectomy, or wedge resection) or of an entire lung pneumonectomy), along with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, are all used. The chance of surviving lung cancer depends on the cancer stage at the time the cancer is diagnosed, and to some extent on the histology, and is only about 14-17% overall. In the case of metastases to the lung, treatment can occasionally be curative but only in certain, rare circumstances.
DID YOU KNOW?
In developed countries the frequency of life threatening acute respiratory infections has dropped over the last 50 years. This is probably due to improved living conditions and health care.