Haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder in which the blood does not clot properly. People with haemophilia can live full lives and enjoy most of the activities than other people do. It is not very common and mostly affects guys. In rare cases, girls can have the disease and get bleeding problems similar to the ones boys have. Signs and symptoms include:
• Unexplained and excessive bleeding from cuts or injuries or after surgery or dental work
• Many large or deep bruises
• Unusual bleeding after vaccinations
• Pain, swelling or tightness in your joints
• Blood in your urine or stool
• Nosebleeds without a known cause
• In infants, unexplained irritability
HOW IS HEMOPHILIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of Hemophilia is not through any particular tests, except in the new born kids if there is already a history of Hemophilia in the direct family and passed through the gene chromosomes. The failure of the blood to clot within reasonable time is a direct indicator of the condition. Specific blood tests can also be conducted to do a more detailed diagnosis.
HOW IS HEMOPHILIA TREATED?
The treatment of hemophilia may involve the following:
• Management of hemostasis
• Management of bleeding episodes
• Use of factor replacement products and medications
• Treatment of patients with factor inhibitors
• Treatment and rehabilitation of patients with haemophilia synovitis