Different parts of eyes such as cornea, retina, pupil, lens, iris when affected gives rise to various Eye Diseases. Some of the common disorders include glaucoma, cataract, age related macular degeneration, color blindness, retinal detachment, twitching, stye, blepharitis, corneal ulcers, conjunctivitis, uveitis, etc. There are many eye disorders which initially show no symptom in particular. Though there are cases where symptoms such as redness, swelling of eyelids, abnormal discharge, blurred vision, pain in eyeball, itchiness and light sensitivity are quite common.
HOW IS EYES DISEASES DIAGNOSED?
Various visual tests, physical examination, medical history, symptoms, lifestyle and health conditions helps in determining the exact problem.
HOW IS EYES DISEASES TREATED?
Treatment of eye diseases depends on the type of disease. Eye infections require antibiotic dosage. Severe eye diseases require surgical treatment. Some mild eye diseases can be treated with home treatments
DID YOU KNOW?
While some Eye Diseases are minor and don't last long, few can lead to a permanent loss of vision, and therefore, it is important to visit an Ophthalmologist and seek medical attention.
What is Glaucoma?
When you are affected by eye disorders, in this case, Glaucoma, the optic nerve of the eye gets damaged. Glaucoma gets worse with time. A common association of glaucoma is with the build-up of eye pressures which takes place inside the eye. The condition occurs as a result of an increase in eye pressures. This increase, in eye pressures is observed when normal eye fluid circulation is disturbed. Glaucoma has a tendency to be congenital. Glaucoma usually rears its ugly head during the later years of a person’s life.
Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma occurs in two distinct forms:
• Open-angle glaucoma also known as wide-angle glaucoma.
• Angle-closure glaucoma which is also variously called as acute angle-closure glaucoma or chronic angle-closure glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma.
Symptoms of glaucoma include:
• If you are seeing a halo around lights that is among glaucoma symptoms.
• Glaucoma symptoms include loss of vision.
• Red eyes are also symptoms of glaucoma.
• Hazy eyes, particularly in the case of infants are also symptoms of glaucoma.
Glaucoma treatments include:
• Eye drops
• Glaucoma treatment through Laser Surgery
• Micro Surgery
What are Cataracts?
Cataracts are another type of eye disorders. Cataracts cloud the eye lens. Cataracts make vision harder. Cataracts are a common ailment of the elderly.
Types of Cataracts
The various types of cataracts include:
• Cataracts due to age.
• Cataracts that are congenital.
Symptoms of Cataracts
The symptoms of cataracts include:
• Cloudy vision is a symptom of cataracts.
• Your vision gets blurred.
• You experience foggy vision.
• Filmy vision is also a symptom of cataracts.
What is Macular Degeneration?
The centre of the retina is known as the macula. It is the eye tissue layer that is sensitive to light and lies at the back of the eyes. Central vision or the vision of what lies straight ahead is controlled by the macula. Macular degeneration is among eye disorders occurring mostly to people who are aged over 60. This type of macular degeneration is caused by age-related symptoms.
What is the Dry Eyes Syndrome?
The condition, dry eyes, are caused by inadequacy of tears for the nourishment and lubrication of the eyes. Tears are responsible for the maintenance of the eye’s bow surface and for providing clarity of vision. People affected by dry eyes have insufficient tears or the quality of tears is poor.
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