Eyes Diseases are a group of disorders related to the eye. This is a large group of diseases that could be congenital, acquired or caused by trauma or the effect of other health conditions. Common eye diseases are problems with vision like myopia, astigmatism, those caused by other health conditions like glaucoma or diabetic retinopathy, and congenital conditions like night blindness and colour blindness. Symptoms of eye diseases vary with the type of disease.
HOW IS EYES DISEASES DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the problem is a vital factor here. An underlying dilated eye exam is conducted to check the eyes. Along with this, your eye power, vision and clarity are tested too.
HOW IS EYES DISEASES TREATED?
Mostly the ophthalmologists prescribe antihistamines, antibiotics, eye drops and warm and wet compress. For few diseases laser surgery is highly effective. Ayurvedic medication is also very effective in curing various eye ailments.
DID YOU KNOW?
If not treated on time, these eye disease can lead to permanent or temporary loss of vision.
Glaucoma: What is it?
Eye disorders like Glaucoma, occur due to the damage of the eye’s optic nerves. And with time Glaucoma only worsens. Glaucoma is commonly associated with the build-up of eye pressures in the eye’s insides. The chief culprit behind this condition is the increase in eye pressures. Such an increase in eye pressures takes place due to the disruption of the normal circulation of eye fluids. Glaucoma is generally passed on in a hereditary basis and usually manifests itself during the dusk years of the life of a person.
Types of Glaucoma
Glaucoma occurs in two distinct forms:
• Open-angle glaucoma refers to a wide-angle glaucoma.
• Angle-closure glaucoma which is also variously named as chronic angle-closure glaucoma or acute angle-closure glaucoma or narrow-angle glaucoma.
Symptoms of glaucoma are inclusive of:
Nausea or vomiting
Pain in the eye
Narrowing of vision (tunnel vision)
• Nausea is among glaucoma symptoms
• Vomiting is also amongst glaucoma symptoms.
• Eye pain also indicates glaucoma.
• In glaucoma, the vision gets narrowed which is also termed as tunnel vision.
There are three mainstays of glaucoma treatment:
• Eye drops are a common treatment
• Laser Surgery is also used as Glaucoma treatment
• Micro Surgery may also be put into use
What are Cataracts?
Another form of common eye disorders is cataracts. When a person had cataracts his eye lens is clouded. If you have cataracts you will find it difficult to see things. The elderly are commonly affected with cataracts.
Types of Cataracts
Among the different types of cataracts are:
• Secondary cataracts
• Traumatic cataracts
Symptoms of Cataracts
The symptoms of cataracts include:
• Double vision is a common symptom of cataracts.
• If you have cataracts you may also experience what is termed as progressive nearsightedness.
• The perception of color is also affected by cataracts.
• If you have cataracts daytime glare may pose problems.
Macular Degeneration, What is it?
Macula is the centre of the retina in the eye. It is sensitive to light and is located at the back of the eyes. The vision of what is straight ahead, called central vision, is controlled by the macula. Eye disorders that commonly affect people over 60 include macular degeneration. Macular degeneration of this type has age as its primary cause.
What are Dry Eyes?
In the condition dry eyes syndrome, there are inadequate tears for the lubrication and nourishment of the eyes. Tears maintain the health of the eye’s front surface and also for ensuring clarity of vision. When a person is affected by dry eyes they have insufficient or an inferior quality tears.
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