Presurgical edgewise orthondontic techniques are used to mould an infant's maxillary, alveolar and nasal tissues that face the challenges of either unilateral or bilateral cleft lip or palate. The other treatments involved with the same terminology include the neonatal infant orthopaedics, presurgical infant orthopaedics, and nasal-alveolar moulding. Meanwhile while curing an infant with the presurgical orthodontics treatment, the term orthodontics would be inaccurate as he doesn't have teeth, in such case, orthopaedics is the preferred term. In US and Canada, 71% of dental clinics centres get presurgical moulding done before getting the bilateral cleft lip surgery done. Jaw surgery is also known as orthognathic surgery. While it reshapes the jaws to improve their form and function, there can also be another surgery taken up before jaw surgery and it is none other than the orthodontic treatment to move and straighten the teeth. Jaw surgery helps in putting jaws in the proper position. The help of dentist is also required in this process. However, the presurgical phase forms the longest part of treatment. Facial skeletal disproportion and/or dental malignment are corrected in this kind of surgery. A cleft can also be treated with Presurgical Orthodontics Treatment. A cleft is generally a gap or split in the upper lip, in the roof of the mouth (palate), or sometimes in both. When separate areas of the face fail to join together properly when a baby is developing during pregnancy, this kind of challenge emerges. Cleft lip treatment can also be done using orthodontics.
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