Phacoemulsification Surgery is a procedure in which an ultrasonic device is used to break up and then remove a cloudy lens, or cataract, from the eye to improve the vision. Phacoemulsification Surgery is used to restore vision in patients whose vision has become cloudy from cataracts. In the first stages of a cataract, people may notice only a slight cloudiness as it affects only a small part of the lens, the part of the eye that focuses light on the retina. As the cataract grows, it blocks more light and vision becomes cloudier. As vision worsens, the Opthamologist recommends Cataract Surgery, usually Phacoemulsification, to restore clear vision. Phacoemulsification Surgery Treatment begins with inserting a long needle, usually through the lower eyelid, to anesthetize the area behind the eyeball. Thereafter, the surgeon puts pressure on the eyeball with his/her hand or a weight to see if there is any bleeding. The pressure will stop this bleeding and this force also decreases intraocular pressure, which lowers the chances of complications. After the pressure, the surgeon looks through a microscope and makes an incision about 0.1 in (3 mm) on the side of the anesthetized cornea. Further, a visco elastic fluid is injected to reduce shock to the intraocular tissues. Then, the surgeon makes a microscopic circular incision in the membrane that surrounds the cataract, and a water stream then frees the cataract from the cortex. Phacoemulsification surgery takes about 20 minutes and the patient is advised rest for at least 24 hours before returning to the doctor for a follow-up.
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