Orbital surgery is the surgical treatment of conditions affecting the orbital areas around the eyes. The bony orbits contain the eye and eye muscles, as well as some cushioning fat, blood vessels and nerves. The orbits may be affected by trauma, tumour, thyroid eye disease and inflammation etc. This subspecialty of oculoplastics includes training in the management of orbital conditions, therefore oculoplastic surgeons have an in-depth knowledge of the orbital anatomy and function, as well as the interpretation of the radiological tests often performed in the investigation of orbital conditions. Orbital surgery is performed by oculoplastic surgeons or ophthalmologists. The eye socket, or orbit, is made up of the bones that surround your eye. If the bones around your eye are hit hard enough, they can break. This is called an orbital fracture. Treatment for Orbital Fracture comprises of surgery in severe cases and ice packs, rest and antibiotics in mild fractures.Orbital Floor Fracture is where the fracture to the orbital rim extends into the adjacent parts of the floor of the eye socket and there is fracture of the both the rim and the socket floor. The healing time of orbital fracture depends on the severity and location of the fracture. In majority of the cases of orbital fracture, the discoloration and swelling begin to subside within a week to 10 days after the injury has occurred. If surgery is needed to repair the orbital fracture, then the doctor will wait for several weeks before operating, to allow the swelling to subside.
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