Measles is a disease caused by the rubella virus. It affects the respiratory system of an individual. Measles virus is airborne and highly contagious. The measles virus can survive on surfaces for several hours and infect any individual coming in contact with it. It usually affects young children as their immune system is not well-developed.
Inoculation is the best prevention against the disease. Most children receive the vaccination at a young age. However, if by any chance you have skipped the shots and contract the disease you should get in touch with your doctor immediately. Once an individual is infected with the virus, he develops a natural immunity against it that prevents a subsequent infection. Infection can also be prevented with a dose of immunoglobulin taken within six days of contact with an infected person.
There is no prescription medication to treat this viral infection. The symptoms typically disappear within two to three weeks. However, your doctor may recommend paracetamol to relieve fever and muscle aches. Increasing the fluid intake is recommended to prevent dehydration. The patient should take adequate rest to boosts the immune system for speedy recovery. Vitamin A supplements are prescribed by the doctor to prevent complications that may arise from the disease.
Untreated severe infection of measles can lead to life-threatening complications, such as pneumonia and inflammation of the brain.
Other complications associated with measles may include ear infection, bronchitis, miscarriage or preterm labor, decrease in blood platelets, blindness, and severe diarrhea.
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