The narrowing of air passageways in the larynx, trachea, carina and or/ bronchi may lead to laryngotracheal anomalies. This affects the supraglottis, glottis or subglottis. The most common type of laryngotracheal anomalies is subglottic stenosis. These anomalies can be either congenital or acquired in nature. The causes for such anomalies can be benign or malignant. A breathing condition wherein a person experiences breathlessness which worsens gradually or if any respiratory sounds occur the Otolaryngologist may advise for diagnosis of laryngotracheal stenosis. The diagnosis is done using an endoscopic evaluation. Laryngotracheal anomalies treatment is done in the form of endoscopic procedures or surgery as may be necessary. The common treatment for laryngotracheal anomalies includes laser surgery, dilation of the trachea using rigid bronchoscope and, resection and reconstruction of the trachea. The complications after such surgeries include allergies and infections which can be eliminated by informing the doctor regarding any abnormalities as soon as they occur. The diet and lifestyle restrictions are to be taken seriously and the recovery time varies from person to person. This depends on various factors. However, the recovery may take several weeks and if surgery is performed the patient may be asked to stay in the hospital for several days. Other therapies like speech and respiratory therapy may be required for complete recovery. The treatment for such laryngotracheal anomalies reduces or eliminates the various symptoms of laryngotracheal stenosis and helps the patient undergoing such treatment to lead an active and a normal life.
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