Dental implants are a popular and effective way to replace missing teeth. An artificial tooth root is placed in the jaw beneath the gum line. They are metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone. They provide stable support for artificial teeth, because they fuse into the jawbone. The dentist and the periodontist together decide the type of implant is required. A single tooth, several teeth or all the teeth can be replaced. Sinus augmentation concerning the upper jaw or ridge modification concerning both the jaws is also done. Two types of implants are considered safe. Endosteal implants- these are surgically implanted right into the jawbone. Next, the bone around the implant heals in a process called osseointegration. A post is connected to this implant where an artificial tooth is attached mounted on a bridge or denture. Sub periosteal implants- this is a metal frame that is fitted into the jawbone below the gum tissue. As with endosteal implants artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.For a single tooth implant, the dentist customizes a new tooth called a dental crown. If more than, one tooth is to be replaced custom-made bridges or dentures are made. Dental implants improve the speech, appearance, self-esteem, bite, oral health and comfort. However, implants are usually more expensive than other methods of tooth replacement.
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