Counseling in HIV and AIDS has become a key feature in the holistic model of health care. The patient is psychologically prepared to cope with it. Generally, such counseling has two main aims, that is to prevent HIV transmission and support those infected directly or indirectly by HIV. Patients should be encouraged to undergo HIV testing to improve their conditions. Patients with specific conditions should be routinely recommended to have HIV test. When the patient comes to know that, he/she has acquired the disease they suffer great psychological and psychosocial stress. The fear of rejection, social stigma, disease progression and the uncertainty of their future health pull them down. The patient should be offered and encouraged to take HIV tests. If the person is infected then he should be encouraged to have an HIV test routinely. In addition, the medication should be consistently taken. Therefore, pretest and posttest counseling is important for psychosocial stability. Risk reduction counseling as a preventive counseling method is equally important. A good STD specialist would manage the situation with consistency and professionalism. Counseling can both minimize morbidity and reduce its occurrence. Patients should be counseled to take routine HIV tests. Multiple methods are used by counselors in providing education and preventive counseling to “at risk's individuals as no methods is superior to the other. Doctor, nurses and midwives should be given former counseling training to adhere good standard of clinical practices.
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