Mechanical devices help in decreasing the physical stress on a patient during handling and movement of care. The probability to use the assistive device (cane, a walker or crutches) seems very unlikely in a few individuals. Basic daily movements like getting out of bed, climbing up the stairs and in and out of a car, including walking, are some of the things which carried out on a daily basis. Aches and pains from degenerated muscles and joints due to old age is a major concern. Some of the age-related diseases such as osteoarthritis or sudden traumatic injuries are hurdles in daily tasks. Physical therapist advice to use assistive devices as part of their treatment. Lokomat is a novel promising robotic therapy. This robot-assisted walking device was first approved by the Food & Drug Administration in March 2002. It was designed at Baptist Health Rehabilitation Institute-Little Rock to simulate normal walking. Individuals who have severely limited their ability to walk due to injury or illness, are believed to benefit from the repetitive walking pattern. It helps the brain and spinal cord to work together. Lokomat therapy may also help in strengthening the muscles, improve blood circulation, and increase bone density. The straps attached on the outer side of the leg enables the legs to have a normal walking pattern. This robot, Lokomat, is controlled by a computer and measures the patient's effort and degree of participation. The effectiveness of this therapy differs in an individual. Patients should stick to a minimum of 60 minutes of therapy per day, three days per week, for four to eight weeks. The results of this therapy are not guaranteed. However, periodic evaluations may help to achieve the maximum benefit.
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