Hepatitis C is a viral infection causing liver damage in the infected persons when it turns severe. It is a disease that starts mild without many outside symptoms and develops into a life-threatening prolonged illness which affects the liver. This infection is transmitted through the blood of the affected person, from an infected mother to the unborn babies, having unprotected sex with the Hepatitis C infected person. It also spreads through needles exchanged while injected drugs by others. However, Hepatitis C virus does not spread through breastfeeding, physical contact by touching, sharing food and water with an infected person. HCV or Hepatitis C infection can be tested by screening the serum. The presence of HCV RNA (Ribonucleic acid) in the serum indicates the infection. The symptoms of Hepatitis C virus does not appear during the acute stage. However, when the disease intensifies, fever, fatigue, joint pains, nausea, dark colored urine, a yellow tint in the eyes or skin appears. The hepatologists advice Anti-viral treatment and a regular liver screening for monitoring the liver damage and to minimize the damage. Since HCV is much different from Hepatitis A and B, there is no vaccine found as yet. However, based on the liver damage and to protect it, the doctor recommends Hepatitis A or B vaccine in the initial stage of diagnosis. The World Health Organization recommends Direct-acting antiviral treatment for the chronic cases to protect them from Cirrhosis or Liver cancer. It is advisable if a person starts noticing any symptoms to seek the help of a doctor to quicken the treatment.
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