Hearing happens when your ears filter the sound waves from outside and sends it across to the structures inside your ear. In the inner ear, this sound wave is converted into nerve signals, which is then recognised as sound by your brain. Some common loss of hearing causes are – damage to the inner ear, accumulation of earwax, ear infection or a ruptured eardrum. Apart from these, hearing loss drugs like aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs or certain antibiotics, if taken in large doses are known to cause hearing loss. Whatever be the cause of hearing loss, the same can broadly be categorized into the following three loss of hearing types:
Conductive: loss of hearing due to problems in the ear canal or the middle ear.
Sensorineural: loss of hearing due to problems of the inner ear.
Mixed loss of hearing: it's a combination of the conductive and sensorineural types.
Whatever be the nature of hearing problem you might experience, hearing treatment options are always available. Depending on the cause and severity of your problem, your ENT might suggest you any of the following treatment options:
Removing wax blockage causing hearing impediment: Here your doctor removes the earwax by loosening it with oil and then flushing, cleaning and taking out the softened wax.
Hearing aids: Hearing loss due to damage to the inner ear is usually treated using a hearing aid. It's a device attached to your ear (externally) that intensifies the sound and filters it to your ear canal.
Cochlear implants: Severe hearing loss caused due to damaged or non-functioning parts of the inner ear is often treated by a cochlear implant. This form of treatment restores the normal functioning of the damaged parts.
Surgery: Used to treat traumatic ear injury or repeated ear infections by inserting small tubes that help the ears drain.
Loss of hearing severely affects an individual's personality and in many cases people are known to suffer from anxiety and depression. Getting the same treated, results in improving the quality of our life thus leading to greater self-confidence, lesser depression, better relationships and improved outlook towards life. As far as the treatment time is concerned, the same largely depends on the nature of your treatment, the severity of your condition and also on the ENT treating you.
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