Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease from least to most severe are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis. Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the symptoms like swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums or persistent bad breath or bad taste in mouth as well as loose teeth. Periodontal disease begins with bacteria present in the mouth attaching to the teeth, which causes plaque. So in order to tackle these problems various surgeries come into play which includes Gingival Flap Surgery, where the periodontist would cut the gum tissue to separate it from the teeth, conduct a comprehensive deep cleaning with an ultrasonic scaling device as well as hand instruments to remove tartar, plaque etc. He would otherwise consider a Gingivectomy to remove excess gum tissue that has overgrown on the teeth to provide a better area to clean the teeth. The periodontist would numb the patients gum tissue and cut and eliminate the extra gum tissue in the mouth. Gingivoplasty would be considered if the gum tissue has to be reshaped around the teeth to make them look better. A gum graft can be done where the tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth (this is called a graft) and then stitched into place on either side of the tooth that is recessed.
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