Endocrine glands are a group of glands in the body which secrete hormones from the corresponding parts of the body. The purpose of the secreted hormones is to provoke a specific response in other cells of the body which are located far away.Endocrine surgery is the division of surgery which specializes in the surgical treatment of endocrine diseases. Endocrinologists and endocrine surgeons typically work in complete cooperation to provide the most advantageous care to patients sufferingfrom endocrine disorders.
ENDOCRINE GLANDS & THEIR HORMONES –
THYROID GLAND- It is located at the front of the neck and it secretes the thyroid hormone and it regulates the overall metabolism of the body.
PARATHYROID GLANDS – There are 4 parathyroid glands located behind the thyroid which secretes the parathyroid hormone and it has an absolute control over the calcium levels in the body.
ADRENAL GLANDS – There are two adrenal glands located on top of the kidney and the inner part secretes adrenaline and the outer part secretes aldosterone and cortisol. It maintains the salt level in the blood maintains blood pressure and helps in controlling the kidney function.
PITUITARY GLAND – This gland is located at the base of the brain. It secretes thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), adrenocotropic hormone (ACTH) and controls the other endocrine glands.
NEUROENDOCRINE GLANDS OF THE PANCREAS –It is located deep in the abdomen behind the stomach, the pancreas is primarily a digestive organ and controls the blood glucose and the overall glucose metabolism in the body.
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