Your coronary arteries are tasked with supplying oxygenated blood to your heart muscles and keep them in good working condition. Accumulation of plaque in your coronary arteries narrow them down thus leading to reduced supply of oxygen-rich blood to your heart muscles, which in turn causes heart attacks. This is when your cardiologist tells you to undergo a coronary bypass surgery treatment. As the name implies, coronary bypass surgery is a surgical form of treatment that paves a new way for the oxygenated blood to travel into your heart, thus improving the blood flow to your heart muscles. During heart bypass surgery, your cardiologist builds up an alternate route by taking up a healthy blood vessel from your leg, arm or chest and threading it to the other arteries in your heart so that blood bypasses the obstructed coronary artery and reached your heart. The bypass surgery operation is like taking the alternate route back home so as to avoid the traffic. The surgery usually takes 3 to 6 long hours and patients are usually given general anaesthesia during the process. Bypass surgery is generally an open heart surgery where the surgeon makes a long cut in your chest, opens your rib cage and temporarily stop your heart from functioning to build up the bypass. With your heart temporarily stopped, blood circulation throughout your body will happen with the help of a heart-lung machine.
In some cases, the surgeon may not even have to temporarily stop your heart. They follow the ""off-pump"" procedure for surgery. While in some other cases tiny cuts may be made to build up the bypass. This process is called the ""keyhole procedure"". Depending on your cardiac condition, you doctor will decide which operation is best suited for you. Whatever be the type of surgical procedure followed, coronary bypass surgery treatments are slightly on the expensive side.
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