Corneal transplant treatment more commonly known as the corneal graft is a form of surgical treatment that is used to improve your vision, relieve pain and/ or treat severe infection or damage that had affected your cornea. One of the most common reasons why ophthalmologists prescribe a corneal transplant is ""keratoconus"" – a condition that causes the cornea to change its shape. Corneal graft removes a portion of or the entire central corneal tissue damaged due to disease or eye injury and replaces it with a donor's healthy corneal tissue. A damaged cornea is known to distort the light entering our eyes thus affecting our vision. In such cases, a corneal transplant treatment is the only way to restore your vision.
Traditional cornea transplant or penetrating keratoplasty and back layer cornea transplant or endothelial keratoplasty are the two most common corneal transplant treatments widely practised by an ophthalmologist. In a traditional transplant, an eye surgeon uses a surgical instrument to remove a button-shaped circular section of tissue from the damaged cornea, places a matching donor tissue, sutures it and puts a plastic shield over the eyes to protect it during healing. Alternatively, in back layer cornea transplant, the surgeon typically replaces the innermost layer of the cornea leaving the overlying healthy tissue intact. This form of treatment is generally given to patients whose vision gets affected by fuchs dystrophy. Fuchs dystrophy is an eye disease in which the innermost layer of the cornea undergoes massive changes. The surgical process takes approximately one to two hours of time and is generally performed on an outpatient basis. So patients undergoing this form of treatment do not require hospitalisation and they can go back home once the surgery gets completed.
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