Colposcopy/ Colposcopia treatment is basically a screening process done in the vagina, vulva or cervix of a woman to diagnose conditions like genital warts, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, vaginal cancer, cervicitis etc. Colposcopy/ Colposcopia causes include an abnormal Pap test or an abnormal pelvic exam. Colposcopy can be done with or without a cervical biopsy. A special instrument called colposcope is used for this procedure. This is a safe procedure and has very low-risk factors. A few complications due to biopsy are heavy bleeding, infection and pain in the pelvic region. It is vital to contact the doctor if the bleeding is heavy or if fever or chills are experienced after this procedure. Colposcopia side effects are a pain in the area, slight bleeding and a dark discharge from the vaginal area. Tampons, douching, and intercourse must be avoided for a speculated amount of time. Women with HIV are at a high risk of cervical cancer and may be asked to take Pap tests and colposcopy. If the colposcopy and cervical biopsy are normal, the biopsy does not show any cell abnormalities and there will be no abnormal tissues in any area. However, if the vinegar or iodine shows areas of tissue abnormalities, sores, genital warts or infections could be the reason. If biopsy results are abnormal, chances are that there might already be cervical cancer or it is likely to develop. This is when one should consult an oncologist.
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